Exploring the Importance of Hindi Language in Modern Society

Hindi, a melodious and vibrant language, holds immense significance in today’s world. It’s not just a way to communicate; it’s a window to a rich culture, a powerful tool for connection, and a language with a fascinating history. Let’s get deeper into the world of Hindi and explore its importance in modern society.

Hindi Language

Hindi, one of India’s official languages, holds a profound cultural and linguistic significance. Originating from Sanskrit and evolving over centuries, it has become a vibrant language spoken by millions across India and globally. As a descendant of the Indo-Aryan languages, Hindi boasts a rich literary tradition dating back to medieval times, with works ranging from classical poetry to modern prose.

Central to Hindi’s identity is its script, Devanagari, characterized by its flowing curves and distinctive characters that encapsulate both simplicity and elegance. This script not only facilitates written communication but also serves as a symbol of cultural unity among Hindi speakers.

Hindi’s influence extends beyond its native speakers, as it serves as a lingua franca in many parts of India, bridging regional and linguistic diversities. Its prominence in Bollywood films, music, and literature has propelled it onto the global stage, contributing to its recognition and adoption by non-native speakers worldwide.

The Importance of Hindi Language

Hindi’s significance goes beyond being a language of communication. Here are some key aspects that highlight its importance:

  • Unifying Force in India: India is a land of diverse languages. Hindi, with over 600 million speakers worldwide, acts as a unifying thread, bridging the gap between different states and cultures. It’s one of the two official languages of the Indian government, playing a vital role in administration, education, and national identity.
  • Cultural Gateway: Hindi literature is a treasure trove of stories, poems, and epics that reflect India’s rich heritage. From the timeless classics of Ramayana and Mahabharata to the works of modern authors like Premchand and Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Hindi literature offers a profound understanding of Indian values, traditions, and philosophy.
  • Global Language: Hindi is the fourth most spoken native language globally. Its influence extends beyond India, with significant communities speaking Hindi in Fiji, Mauritius, Nepal, and other countries. This global reach makes Hindi a valuable tool for international communication and cultural exchange.
  • Economic Powerhouse: As India’s economy flourishes, Hindi becomes increasingly crucial for business and trade. Understanding Hindi opens doors to a vast Indian market and fosters stronger economic ties with the country.
  • Bollywood Connect: Bollywood, the world’s largest film industry, is synonymous with Hindi. Hindi movies entertain millions globally, promoting Indian culture and language through music, dialogues, and storytelling.

How Hindi Language Originated?

Hindi’s roots lie in Sanskrit, an ancient Indo-Aryan language. Over centuries, Sanskrit evolved into various Prakrit languages, which eventually gave birth to what we know as Hindi today. This evolution was influenced by various factors, including regional dialects, Persian, and Arabic. Hindi emerged as a prominent language around the 10th century AD in the Delhi region and gradually spread across North India.

The Hindi language has evolved over centuries through a complex process of linguistic and cultural interactions. Here’s an overview of how Hindi originated:

1. Sanskrit Roots

Hindi, like many modern Indo-Aryan languages, traces its roots to Sanskrit, an ancient Indo-European language. Sanskrit, known for its elaborate grammar and rich vocabulary, served as the foundational language for many languages spoken in the Indian subcontinent.

2. Prakrits and Apabhramsha

Over time, spoken forms of Sanskrit known as Prakrits emerged. These were simpler, vernacular versions of Sanskrit and gradually developed into regional languages across different parts of ancient India. Apabhramsha, literary languages that evolved from Prakrits, also contributed to the development of early forms of Hindi.

3. Medieval Period

During the medieval period (roughly from the 7th century onwards), various regional languages continued to evolve. In North India, languages influenced by local dialects, Persian, and Arabic began to emerge. This period saw the development of what can be termed as early forms of Hindi, which were often used in literary compositions, especially poetry and religious texts.

4. Bhakti Movement Influence

The Bhakti movement, from the 14th to 17th centuries, played a crucial role in the development of Hindi as a literary language. Saints and poets like Kabir, Tulsidas, and Surdas composed devotional poetry in vernacular languages that laid the foundation for modern Hindi literature. Their works contributed significantly to the popularization and standardization of Hindi.

5. Mughal Influence

The Mughal era (16th to 19th centuries) brought further linguistic influences, especially Persian and Arabic, into the Indian subcontinent. This influence enriched Hindi vocabulary with many loanwords and technical terms from these languages.

6. Colonial Period and Modern Standardization

During the British colonial period, Hindi began to evolve into a more standardized form. Efforts to unify and standardize Hindi were undertaken, leading to the adoption of Devanagari script as the official script for Hindi in India. After India’s independence in 1947, Hindi was formally recognized as one of the country’s official languages.

Today, Hindi continues to evolve with influences from various languages and remains a dynamic and widely spoken language in India and among Indian diaspora communities worldwide. Its journey from ancient Sanskrit to its modern form reflects the diverse cultural and linguistic heritage of India.

Hindi Language – Historical and Cultural Significance 

The Hindi language holds immense historical and cultural significance, deeply intertwined with India’s rich heritage and identity. Here are some key aspects of its historical and cultural importance:

1. Historical Evolution: Hindi’s evolution from ancient Sanskrit through Prakrits, Apabhramsha, and medieval vernaculars reflects its journey as a language of the people. Influences from Persian, Arabic, and other regional languages during various historical periods have enriched its vocabulary and expressions.

2. Literary Heritage: Hindi boasts a vast literary tradition spanning centuries. From the devotional poetry of Bhakti saints like Kabir, Tulsidas, and Mirabai to the classical epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata retold in Hindi, the language has been a vehicle for profound philosophical, spiritual, and artistic expression.

3. Cultural Unifier: Hindi serves as a unifying force among India’s linguistic diversity. As one of India’s official languages, it bridges regional differences and connects people across the country. It plays a pivotal role in fostering national integration and promoting cultural exchange.

4. Media and Popular Culture: Hindi is the language of Bollywood, India’s vibrant film industry, which not only entertains but also influences cultural trends across the country and globally. Hindi films, music, and literature have a significant impact on shaping societal norms, values, and aspirations.

5. Education and Administration: Hindi’s status as an official language of India ensures its prominence in education, administration, judiciary, and mass media. It facilitates communication and access to government services for millions of Indians who speak Hindi as their first or second language.

6. Global Presence: Beyond India, Hindi enjoys recognition and usage in various countries with significant Indian diaspora communities, including Mauritius, Fiji, Trinidad and Tobago, and parts of Africa. It serves as a cultural link for Indian expatriates and facilitates cultural exchange and trade relations.

Hindi vs Urdu

Hindi and Urdu, despite sharing linguistic roots and mutual intelligibility, have distinct identities shaped by historical, social, and cultural factors.

Language and Script

Hindi: Primarily written in Devanagari script, Hindi draws heavily from Sanskrit vocabulary and is the official language of India. It is widely spoken in northern and central India.

Urdu: Written in a modified Perso-Arabic script called Nastaliq, Urdu incorporates a significant amount of Persian and Arabic vocabulary. It is the official language of Pakistan and is spoken in parts of India, particularly in Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, and Hyderabad.

Historical Context

Hindi: Developed from the medieval Indo-Aryan languages and evolved as a literary language during the Bhakti movement. It was influenced by Persian and Arabic during the Mughal era.

Urdu: Emerged as a distinct language in the Indian subcontinent during the Delhi Sultanate and flourished under the Mughal Empire, blending local languages with Persian and Arabic.

Cultural Usage

Hindi: Predominantly associated with Hindu cultural expressions, literature, and Bollywood films. It serves as a symbol of Indian national identity.

Urdu: Historically linked with Muslim culture and used in poetry, literature, and classical music. It has a significant presence in Urdu literature and ghazals.

Geographical Distribution

Hindi: Spoken widely in India, with regional variations in dialects and accents across different states.

Urdu: Official language of Pakistan and spoken in parts of India, particularly in areas with a significant Muslim population.

Political and Social Context

Hindi: Favored by proponents of Hindi nationalism and promoted as the language of government and education in India.

Urdu: Has faced political challenges in India due to historical tensions and has been at the center of debates regarding language identity and rights.

Comparison of Hindi Language vs Urdu Language

AspectHindi LanguageUrdu Language
ScriptDevanagariPerso-Arabic (Nasta’liq)
AlphabetBased on Sanskrit with 11 vowels and 33 consonantsBased on Persian with additional letters for sounds unique to Urdu
Vocabulary OriginPrimarily derived from SanskritPrimarily derived from Persian and Arabic
GrammarSimilar grammatical structure; both are subject-object-verb (SOV) languagesSimilar grammatical structure; both are subject-object-verb (SOV) languages
Formal LanguageUses Tatsam words (Sanskrit-derived terms) in formal contextsUses Persian and Arabic loanwords in formal contexts
Everyday LanguageUses more common, colloquial termsUses more Persian and Arabic loanwords
Regional UsageWidely spoken in IndiaWidely spoken in Pakistan and some parts of India
Religious ContextAssociated with Hindu culture and literatureAssociated with Islamic culture and literature
LiteratureRich tradition of poetry, prose, and classical literatureRich tradition of poetry, particularly Ghazals and classical literature
Media and EntertainmentPredominant language in Bollywood cinemaSignificant presence in Lollywood and Pakistani dramas
Writing System DirectionLeft to rightRight to left
Official StatusOfficial language of IndiaNational language of Pakistan; one of the 22 scheduled languages of India
Learning ResourcesWidely available online and offlineWidely available, particularly in regions where Urdu is spoken
Prominent FiguresMunshi Premchand, Tulsidas, Harivansh Rai BachchanMirza Ghalib, Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Allama Iqbal
Influence of EnglishSignificant influence in modern vocabularySignificant influence, particularly in urban areas
Cultural FestivalsCelebrated during Diwali, Holi, NavratriCelebrated during Eid, Muharram, Basant
Common PhrasesHello: नमस्ते (Namaste)Hello: سلام (Salam)
Thank you: धन्यवाद (Dhanyavaad)Thank you: شکریہ (Shukriya)
How are you?: आप कैसे हैं? (Aap kaise hain?)How are you?: آپ کیسے ہیں؟ (Aap kaise hain?)
Comparison of Hindi Language vs Urdu Language

While Hindi and Urdu share linguistic similarities and are mutually intelligible to some extent, their distinct scripts, cultural associations, and historical developments have shaped them into separate identities with unique roles and significances in South Asian societies.

Why is Hindi Language Important? 

Hindi language holds significant importance for several reasons:

  • National Language: Hindi is one of the official languages of India, recognized under the Constitution of India. It serves as a unifying language among the diverse linguistic communities across the country, promoting national integration and unity.
  • Cultural Heritage: Hindi is deeply rooted in India’s cultural heritage and history. It has a rich literary tradition spanning centuries, encompassing poetry, prose, epics, and religious texts. This cultural heritage contributes to the identity and pride of Hindi-speaking communities.
  • Communication and Administration: Hindi is widely used in administration, education, judiciary, and media across India. It facilitates communication among people from different states and regions, making governance and public services accessible to a large segment of the population.
  • Bollywood and Popular Culture: Hindi is the language of Bollywood, India’s prolific film industry known for its global reach and influence. Hindi films, music, and literature play a significant role in shaping cultural trends, values, and societal norms not only within India but also among global audiences.
  • Educational Access: Knowledge of Hindi provides access to a vast repository of educational resources, from textbooks and academic literature to online content and educational institutions that use Hindi as a medium of instruction.
  • International Influence: Hindi is spoken and understood by millions of people globally, particularly in countries with significant Indian diaspora communities. It serves as a cultural link, facilitating business, cultural exchange, and diplomatic relations between India and other nations.
  • Linguistic Diversity: As an Indo-Aryan language, Hindi contributes to the linguistic diversity of the Indian subcontinent. It shares linguistic roots with other Indian languages, fostering mutual understanding and cultural exchange among speakers of different languages.

Why Hindi is National Language? 

Hindi is not the national language of India; instead, it is one of the two official languages of the central government of India, the other being English. The status of Hindi as an official language is rooted in historical and constitutional developments:

1. Constitutional Recognition: The Constitution of India, adopted in 1950, designates Hindi in Devanagari script as the official language of the Union of India. It is specified in Article 343(1) of the Constitution that Hindi written in Devanagari script shall be the official language of the Union.

2. Promotion and Development: The Constitution also provides for the progressive development of Hindi and its enrichment through vocabulary from Sanskrit and other languages, ensuring its growth as a comprehensive language suitable for scientific and technical purposes.

3. Compromise for Linguistic Diversity: Recognizing India’s linguistic diversity, the Constitution includes provisions (Articles 343-351) for the development and promotion of Hindi while respecting the rights of linguistic minorities to preserve and promote their languages.

4. Language of Governance: Hindi’s status as an official language facilitates communication within the central government, legislature, judiciary, and administration. It ensures accessibility to government services, official documents, and communications in Hindi-speaking regions.

5. Balancing Regionalism: While Hindi holds official status at the national level, states have the freedom to adopt their own official languages for governance and administration. This balance aims to accommodate linguistic diversity while promoting a unifying language for national integration.

It’s important to note that India’s linguistic diversity is vast, with over 22 officially recognized languages and numerous dialects spoken across the country. Hindi’s role as an official language alongside English reflects efforts to balance the preservation of linguistic diversity with the need for effective communication and governance at the national level.

World Hindi Day: A Celebration of Language and Unity

World Hindi Day, celebrated annually on January 10th, honors the richness and global significance of the Hindi language. Established to promote Hindi as an international language and showcase its cultural diversity and literary heritage, World Hindi Day serves as a platform for celebrating Hindi’s contributions to literature, art, education, and diplomacy worldwide.

On this day, various events are organized globally, including seminars, cultural programs, poetry readings, and educational activities that highlight Hindi’s role in fostering cross-cultural understanding and unity among Hindi speakers worldwide. It also aims to encourage Hindi enthusiasts to learn and appreciate the language’s nuances and its importance in contemporary society.

The celebration of World Hindi Day underscores the language’s spread beyond India, with communities in countries like Mauritius, Fiji, Trinidad and Tobago, and Nepal embracing Hindi as part of their cultural identity. It also reflects efforts to preserve and promote Hindi as a language of communication and expression among the Indian diaspora and enthusiasts globally.

Hindi Diwas

Hindi Diwas, also known as Hindi Day, is celebrated annually on September 14th to commemorate the adoption of Hindi as one of India’s official languages. This day holds significant historical and cultural importance in India, reflecting efforts to promote and propagate Hindi as a unifying language among the diverse linguistic communities within the country.

The significance of Hindi Diwas dates back to 1949 when the Constituent Assembly of India adopted Hindi written in Devanagari script as the official language of the Republic of India. The decision aimed to consolidate the linguistic diversity of India while promoting Hindi as a language that could bridge regional differences and serve as a symbol of national unity.

On Hindi Diwas, various events and activities are organized across India, including literary competitions, seminars, cultural programs, and educational initiatives focused on Hindi language and literature. Schools, colleges, government offices, and cultural institutions participate actively in celebrating the richness and heritage of Hindi through poetry recitations, storytelling sessions, and debates.

Hindi Diwas not only celebrates the linguistic diversity of India but also reaffirms the constitutional recognition and importance of Hindi in the nation’s socio-cultural fabric. It serves as a reminder of the language’s role in preserving India’s cultural heritage and promoting communication and understanding among its citizens.

Hindi Language Dialects

Hindi, as a language, encompasses several dialects that vary regionally across India. These dialects reflect the cultural and linguistic diversity within Hindi-speaking communities. Here are some notable Hindi dialects:

1. Khari Boli: Often considered the standard dialect of Hindi, Khari Boli is spoken in the Delhi region and forms the basis of modern standard Hindi. It has influences from Braj Bhasha and Persian.

2. Braj Bhasha: Spoken primarily in the Braj region of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, Braj Bhasha is known for its rich literary tradition, particularly in devotional poetry related to Lord Krishna.

3. Awadhi: Predominantly spoken in the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh, Awadhi has a distinct literary heritage and is known for its use in compositions such as Tulsidas’ Ramcharitmanas.

4. Bhojpuri: Spoken in parts of Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand, Bhojpuri has gained popularity through folk songs, theater, and cinema. It has a sizable speaker base both in India and among the diaspora.

5. Maithili: Primarily spoken in the Mithila region of Bihar and adjoining areas of Nepal, Maithili has a rich literary tradition dating back to ancient times. It is known for its distinct script and cultural heritage.

6. Haryanvi: Spoken in Haryana and parts of western Uttar Pradesh, Haryanvi has influences from Rajasthani and Punjabi. It is characterized by its rustic charm and is widely used in folk songs and rural settings.

7. Chhattisgarhi: Spoken in the state of Chhattisgarh and adjoining areas of Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Jharkhand, Chhattisgarhi has a distinct phonological and grammatical structure compared to other Hindi dialects.

8. Rajasthani: Although considered a separate language by some, Rajasthani dialects share similarities with Hindi and are spoken across Rajasthan and parts of Gujarat, Haryana, and Punjab.

DialectRegionNotable Features
Khari BoliDelhi, Western Uttar PradeshBasis of standard Hindi, influenced by Persian
Braj BhashaUttar Pradesh, RajasthanRich in devotional poetry, associated with Lord Krishna
AwadhiUttar PradeshUsed in classical literature, Tulsidas’ Ramcharitmanas
BhojpuriBihar, Eastern Uttar PradeshPopular in folk songs and theater
MaithiliBihar, NepalDistinct script, ancient literary tradition
HaryanviHaryanaRustic charm, influences from Rajasthani and Punjabi
ChhattisgarhiChhattisgarhUnique phonological and grammatical structure
RajasthaniRajasthanOften considered separate, shares similarities with Hindi

These dialects, while sharing a common linguistic base with Hindi, often have unique phonetic, lexical, and grammatical features shaped by their geographical and cultural contexts. They contribute to the linguistic diversity and richness of the Hindi language continuum, reflecting regional identities and traditions across northern and central India.

Prominent Hindi Language Authors

Hindi literature boasts a rich tapestry of authors who have contributed immensely to its cultural and literary heritage. Here are some prominent Hindi language authors across various genres:

Munshi Premchand (1880-1936)

Widely regarded as one of the greatest Hindi writers, Premchand’s realist fiction depicted the struggles of ordinary people in rural India. His works include “Godan,” “Gaban,” and “Nirmala.”

Jaishankar Prasad (1889-1937)

A major figure of the Chhayavaad literary movement, Prasad’s poetry, and plays like “Kamayani” are known for their lyrical beauty and philosophical depth.

Mahadevi Verma (1907-1987)

A leading poetess and a prominent figure of the Chhayavaad movement, Verma’s poetry often explored themes of nature, womanhood, and social issues. Her notable works include “Yama” and “Neelkanth.”

Sumitranandan Pant (1900-1977)

Another significant poet of the Chhayavaad movement, Pant’s poetry celebrated nature, love, and spirituality. His famous works include “Kala Aur Gora” and “Gunjan.”

Harivansh Rai Bachchan (1907-2003)

Renowned for his lyrical poetry and deeply philosophical verses, Bachchan is best known for his iconic work “Madhushala” and his epic narrative “Madhavi.”

Rahi Masoom Raza (1927-1992)

A prolific writer known for his novels, short stories, and screenplays, Raza is celebrated for his work “Aadha Gaon” and his screenplay for the iconic TV series “Mahabharat.”

Dharamvir Bharati (1926-1997)

A versatile writer known for his novels, plays, and essays, Bharati’s magnum opus “Gunahon Ka Devta” is considered a classic of Hindi literature.

Rajendra Yadav (1929-2013)

A prominent figure in Hindi literature, Yadav was known for his novels such as “Sara Akash” and his pioneering efforts in Hindi literary criticism.

Kamleshwar (1932-2007)

A noted writer and screenwriter, Kamleshwar’s works include novels like “Kitne Pakistan” and short stories that vividly captured the socio-political landscape of post-Independence India.

Amrita Pritam (1919-2005)

Though primarily known for her Punjabi writings, Pritam also wrote extensively in Hindi. Her novel “Pinjar” and poetry collections like “Aaj Akal” reflect her powerful portrayal of human emotions and societal issues.

Learning Hindi Language: Opening Doors to Opportunities

In today’s interconnected world, learning Hindi language offers a plethora of benefits:

  • Career Prospects: With India’s growing economic importance, fluency in Hindi opens doors to exciting career opportunities in various sectors like business, education, and tourism.
  • Cultural Understanding: Learning Hindi allows you to connect with Indian culture on a deeper level, appreciating its literature, movies, and traditions.
  • Travel and Communication: Whether you’re traveling to India or interacting with the Indian diaspora, knowing Hindi can significantly enhance your communication and experience.
  • Brainpower Boost: Studies suggest that learning a new language like Hindi can improve cognitive function, memory, and problem-solving skills.

Statistics: Hindi Language

  • Over 600 million people speak Hindi language worldwide, making it the fourth most spoken native language globally. [Source: Worlddata.info]
  • As per the 2011 census, 43.63% of the Indian population speaks Hindi, making it the most widely spoken language in the country. However, this number varies by region, with states like Uttar Pradesh boasting a much higher percentage of Hindi speakers (around 97.4%). [Source: Jagran Josh]
  • Interestingly, Hindi language is also considered the fastest-growing major language in India, according to the 2011 census. [Source: Wikipedia]
  • Hindi is one of the six official languages of the United Nations, highlighting its significance on the world stage. 

Conclusion: Hindi Language

Hindi language is of profound historical and cultural significance, serves as a unifying force in India and a cultural ambassador globally. Originating from Sanskrit and evolving through centuries of cultural exchanges, Hindi’s journey reflects India’s diverse linguistic heritage. Its importance extends beyond communication, encompassing literature, Bollywood, economic ties, and international diplomacy. 

Celebrations like World Hindi Day and Hindi Diwas highlight its global reach and cultural richness. With its dialects and prominent authors, Hindi continues to evolve, enriching global dialogue and fostering connections across borders. Embracing Hindi language opens pathways to understanding and appreciating India’s vibrant cultural tapestry, making it a language of immense value in today’s interconnected world.

Also Read

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FAQs: Hindi Language

1. What is Hindi language?

Hindi language is an Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in India and also in parts of Nepal, Mauritius, Fiji, and other countries with significant Indian diaspora communities. It is one of the official languages of India and holds cultural and linguistic significance.

2. How many people speak Hindi language?

Hindi is spoken by over 600 million people worldwide, making it one of the most widely spoken languages globally. It is the primary language of communication for millions in northern and central India.

3. What script is used for writing Hindi language?

Hindi language is written in Devanagari script, which consists of 11 vowels and 33 consonants. Devanagari is known for its phonetic clarity and is also used for writing several other languages in India.

4. What are the dialects of Hindi language?

Hindi language has several regional dialects, including Khari Boli (standard Hindi), Braj Bhasha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Maithili, Haryanvi, Chhattisgarhi, and Rajasthani. These dialects vary in vocabulary, pronunciation, and cultural influences.

5. Why is Hindi language important in India?

Hindi plays a crucial role in India as a unifying language among the country’s diverse linguistic communities. It is used in government administration, education, media, and cultural expressions such as literature and Bollywood films.

6. What is the significance of Hindi Diwas and World Hindi Day?

Hindi Diwas, celebrated on September 14th, commemorates the adoption of Hindi as one of India’s official languages. World Hindi Day, on January 10th, promotes Hindi as an international language and celebrates its cultural richness globally.

7. Can Hindi speakers understand Urdu?

Hindi and Urdu share linguistic roots and are mutually intelligible to a significant extent. While Urdu uses the Perso-Arabic script and has more Persian and Arabic vocabulary, Hindi uses Devanagari script and has more Sanskrit-derived vocabulary.

8. What are some famous Hindi language authors and literary works?

Prominent Hindi authors include Munshi Premchand, Jaishankar Prasad, Mahadevi Verma, Sumitranandan Pant, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, and Amrita Pritam. Their works range from novels and poetry to essays and plays, reflecting diverse themes and styles.

9. How can I learn Hindi language?

Learning Hindi can be facilitated through language courses, online resources, apps, and immersion programs. Practicing speaking, reading, and listening to Hindi media like films and music can also enhance language skills.

10. What are the benefits of learning Hindi language?

Learning Hindi opens doors to cultural understanding, career opportunities in India and internationally, improved cognitive abilities, and enhanced travel experiences in Hindi-speaking regions.

Abhishek Parmar

Thakur Abhishek Yuvraj Parmar crafts captivating content on India, celebrating its diverse culture and heritage, creating stories that resonate with the heart of every Indian.

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