BrahMos Missile: The Future of Global Security

The BrahMos missile, named after the confluence of the Brahmaputra and Moskva rivers, represents India’s strength in supersonic cruise missile technology. The joint work between India and Russia resulted in an effective weapon system that can be deployed on land, sea, and air platforms.

The BrahMos missile, an Indo-Russian collaboration, has a range of 290 kilometres and is the world’s fastest cruise missile, achieving Mach 2.8 (almost three times the speed of sound). It is a two-stage missile (first-stage solid propellant engine, second-stage liquid ramjet).

It is a multiplatform missile, meaning it can be launched from land, air, or sea, as well as a multi-capability missile with pinpoint accuracy that operates day and night, no matter the weather conditions.
It operates on the “Fire and Forgets” principle, which means it does not require any further instruction after launch.

Brahmo’s missile speed:

Brahmos is a supersonic cruise missile. Brahmos is a two-stage missile with a solid propellant booster engine as its first stage, which accelerates to supersonic speed and then separates. During the cruise phase, the liquid ramjet, or second stage, accelerates the missile closer to 3 Mach. The missile has unique features because of its stealth technology and guidance system, which includes complex software within it.

What are supersonic cruise missiles:

Supersonic cruise missiles: These missiles are powered by air-breathing engines such as ramjets or scramjets, allowing them to maintain supersonic speeds greater than Mach 5 (five times the speed of sound), which translates to approximately 1.7 kilometres per second or 6,174 kilometres per hour throughout their flight. They are operational in several countries and used for a variety of objectives, including anti-ship, land-attack, and air-to-air missions.

Brahmos missile flight range:

The missile has a flying range of up to 290 km and maintains supersonic speed during the flight, resulting in a shorter flight time.

Brahmos cruising altitude:

Its cruising altitude could be up to 15 km and its terminal altitude is as low as 10 meters. It carries a conventional warhead weighing 200 to 300 kg.

Lunching ability of Brahmos:

The BrahMos missile is a multi-platform cruise missile system that’s capable of being launched from land, sea, or air. Here’s a breakdown of its launch capabilities:


The land-based BrahMos system is installed on a high-mobility Tatra truck. It is capable of firing three missiles at different targets in rapid succession (within 2-3 seconds).
The missiles can be launched in a variety of directions, making them difficult to intercept.


The BrahMos missile can be launched from battleships in both inclined and vertical variants. It is capable of firing up to eight missiles at once, destroying enemy defences.
The sea-launched model has been successfully tested from a submerged platform, providing an additional layer of surprise strike capability.


The Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter plane is equipped with an airborne BrahMos system. It may be launched from great heights (up to 14,000 meters), increasing the attack range while providing tactical capability.
The air-launched type has a range of 500 kilometres, which is much greater than the land and sea-based versions.

BrahMos Missile and Chinese Threat:

  • Some view BrahMos missiles as a prevention of potential Chinese attacks, particularly in marine conditions.
  • Positive interaction and international cooperation are essential to ensuring peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region.
  • The Indo-Pacific geopolitical landscape is complicated, and there is a need for peaceful dispute resolution.

The importance of responsible arms control and disarmament efforts in the region.

Brahmos missile misfire and Pakistani Issues

  • Pakistan is concerned about the disruptive potential of modern weaponry like the BrahMos, especially considering the history of conflict between the two states.
  • Accidental accidents, such as the 2022 BrahMos misfire landing in Pakistan, increase tensions and highlight the risks of escalation.
  • Some see the BrahMos as an obstacle to potential Pakistani aggression.
  • Avoid using language that may be considered threatening or aggressive.
  • The history of conflict between India and Pakistan and its consequences for regional security.
  • Both countries need to work together to develop trust and reduce risks.

Brahmos Missile 2

The BrahMos Missile 2 is an advanced weapon developed by India and Russia. It’s an upgraded version of the original BrahMos missile, known for its speed and accuracy. The “BrahMos 2” is even faster, flying at supersonic speeds, making it difficult for enemies to detect and intercept. This missile can be launched from various platforms like ships, submarines, aircraft, and land-based vehicles, giving it versatility in combat scenarios. With its precision targeting capabilities, the BrahMos 2 enhances India’s defense capabilities, deterring potential threats and safeguarding national security interests. Its development represents a significant advancement in military technology for both countries involved.

To Sum Up

The BrahMos is more than a missile; it represents India’s technological advancement and strategic ambition. Its supersonic speed, multi-platform capabilities, and wide range of versions make it a powerful force in modern battle. As development continues, BrahMos is expected to play a significant role in the ever-changing environment of global defence technology.

How many Brahmos missiles India have?

The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) has approved the purchase of over 200 BrahMos Extended Range (ER) supersonic cruise missiles for deployment on Indian Navy vessels.

Which country buys Brahmos missiles from India?

Two years after the two countries negotiated a deal costing about $375 million to arm the Philippine Marines with three batteries of BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles, India is prepared to begin delivering them.

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Abhishek Parmar

Thakur Abhishek Yuvraj Parmar crafts captivating content on India, celebrating its diverse culture and heritage, creating stories that resonate with the heart of every Indian.

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